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Common standard lithium battery test summary

08 Nov 2016 -

Common standard lithium battery test summary: security and performance


At present, various standards of lithium batteries to examine the safety and performance of lithium batteries mainly from three aspects:

1. Battery safety performance;

2. Environmental adaptability;

3. Electrical properties


Corresponding standard

Application

security performance

Environmental adaptation performance

Electrical Performance

 

 

 

 

 

GB/T18287

1.Thermal shock

2.Over charge

3.Short-circuit

4.Heavy shock

5.Over charge protection

6.Over discharge protection

7.Shor-circuit protection

1.Constant wet and heat performance

2.Vibration

3.Magnetic collision

4.Free drop

1.0.2C 5A discharge performance

2.1C 5A discharge performance

3.High temperature performance

4.Low temperature performance

5.Charging maintain ability

6.Cycle life

7.Keep in storage

 

 

 

 

IEC 61960

 

 

 

 

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1.20°C discharge

2.-20°C discharge

3.High rate dicharge

4.Charge retention and recovery

5.Long time storage

6.Cycle capability

7.ESD

8.Internal resistance

 

 

 

 

IEC 60086-4

1.External short circuit

2.Forced discharge

3.Abnormal charge

4.Incorrect installation

5.Over discharge

1.Low pressure

2.Temperature cycling

3.Vibration

4.Shock

5.Impact

6.Extrusion

7.Free drop

8.Temperature shock

 

 

 

 

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IEC 62133

1.Sustained low rate charge

2.External short circuit

3.Forced discharge

4.High rate charge

5.Over discharge

1.Vibration

2.Mechanical shock

3.Temperature cycling

4.Free drop

5.Thermal shock

6.Extrusion

7.Low pressure

8.Battery case stress

 

 

 

 

——————

 

MITI1962No.85

1st Clause:Appendix9

1.External short circuit

2.Forced internal short circuit

3.Over charge protection

1.Thermal shock

2.Extrusion

3.Drop

 

 

 

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UL 1642

1.External short circuit

2.Abnormal charge

3.Forced discharge

1.Extrusion

2.Heavy bump impact

3.Thermal shock

4.Temperature cycling

5.Mechanical Shock (Collision)

6.Low pressure

7.Vibration

8.Catapult

 

 

 

 

——————

UL 2054

1.External short circuit

2.Abnormal charge

3.Over charge

4.Forced discharge

5.Limit power test

6.Component temperature rise

1.Extrusion

2.Heavy bump impact

3.Thermal shock

4.Temperature cycling

5.Vibration

6.Combustion

7.Mechanical Shock (Collision)

8.Free drop

9.250N extrusion

10.Case stress

11.Case fire

 

 

 

 

 

 

——————



Different standards have different focus on the battery testing:

IEC 61960 main focus on the lithium battery electrical performance test;

IEC 62133 and Japan JIS C 8714 requirements focus on product safety and environmental adaptability safety;

GB / T 18287 includes not only part of the safety testing project, but also covers the performance test;

UL2054 and UL1642 are a comprehensive inspection of the safety of the cells and batteries under a variety of use of the environment,including the safety of fault conditions, pressure conditions and  combustion conditions.


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